sample excerpts

Note: Mathematical formulae are not represented in this page bacause they cannot be displayed correct.

In the last chapter we have discussed the quantized physical quantities, the so-called modified Planck units that even do

occur in the smallest dimensions. The mass and charge of which the particles exist in the universe, originate from the

smallest dimensions.

In this chapter we will derive some selected important physical parameters and constants of nature, which are based on

these quantized sizes, but which comparatively occur in larger dimensions. With the approaches about the new world

model which are discussed here, it is also possible to derive more fundamental physical constants and variables.

These derivations demonstrate that the previous findings in physics may also be explained from a different perspective

thanks to the new world model. The variables such as the mass of protons, electrons, the gravitational constant etc which

are determined in an experimental way can be derived with the new world model, and we will see that it is possible to

attribute the macroscopic magnitudes to the quantized elementary elements. Various derivations were performed to obtain

information on the internal structures of particles.

The data of the internationally recognized organization CODATA were used as benchmarks for physical measurements.

Since the universe is built up from fundamental components with as an attraction force of the space balls and the speed of

light as a dynamic component macroscopically measured quantities, such as the mass of sub-atomic particles, can be

attributed to these elementary elements. However, in this case the differences in the size scale must be considered and the

equations have to be expanded in powers of ten.

This extension is similar to the following facts: The weight of an average apple is determined and then this is compared

with one ton of apples of the same sort. Comparing the masses, the mass of an apple, which would be the quantized

values from the last chapter, must be expanded with orders of magnitude to reach the mass of this one ton of apples. That

would be the mass of the proton.

The principles behind these expansions with powers of ten have not yet been analyzed. But I'm sure that even here yet

unknown principles are hidden behind it. When developing the new world model, this issue also must be analyzed.

Mass describes the property of matter, and until today no one knows what causes it. It is contained in many physical

units, and with the length and time forms a fundamental quantity.

The quantized Planck mass has been derived in the last chapter and the analysis of particle masses in this chapter is an

attempt to explain how mass is formed. All derived equations provide exactly the same result for the mass of particles.

Even if the particle mass was derived from several formulas, the most equations only are transformations by substituting

other variables.

For clarity reasons, the Planck length was also omitted in the equations primarily in this chapter.