sample excerpts

Note: Mathematical formulae are not represented in this page bacause they cannot be displayed correct.

For protons as core components of atoms gives the mass is obtained through the radius with:

(3-9)

Or by adding in this equation, we do obtain:

With it is obtained

(3-11)

With the quantized mass according to the equation it is obtained the following:

(3-12)

And with the quantized charge we do obtain the following relationship:

(3-13)

All equations shown above provide the same results for the proton mass.

According to the experiments with muonic hydrogen at the Paul Scherrer Institute, the radius of the proton is

and for the proton mass with this radius we obtain the value:

According to CODATA, the mass of the proton is

.

The deviation from the experimental determined value therefore is.

In the next Chapter, we will derive the proton radius and thus calculate the proton mass more accurate.