sample excerpts

Note: Mathematical formulae are not represented in this page bacause they cannot be displayed correct.

For centuries, people are thinking about the mysterious circle number p. Meanwhile, the computer calculations reach with

billion decimal places and in this way it is tried to bleed the secret of this numerical value.

The number p is inter alia defined as the circumference of a circle with the diameter of one.

With the circle diameter of 1 it results.

The circle number e.g. gives the route of which is covered in a circle when you are connected to the center circle with a

rope. The value of p is obtained from a certain attraction force to the center of the circle.

Without this attraction, the value of p would not have the known value. If for example you connected to the circle center

with a rubber rope, you will not obtain the value of p for the circumference of a circle. The elementary principle of

attraction in the universe gives the circle number p the value it has. Without this elementary principle this p-value would

not exist and there would also be no balls, atoms, planets, stars, galaxies etc. The attraction force as elemental force;

shapes the entire universe, and it is reflected in the circle number p.

With the global formula it is possible to physically explain the energy and their distribution in the three-dimensional space

balls, but in this process also the circular number p is formed, which is necessary for the space geometry. The circle

number p is important for the construction of the universe and its numerical value is based on similar principles, as

described in the previous Chapters.

The circle number p is a "natural constant" of mathematics and geometry, and we will analyze its origin. Since nature does

not make calculations itself nor looks up the p-value from a table, the circle number p must be a product of a particular

physical process.

There are different mathematical methods of approximation for p, but we want to analyze the physical process and not

mathematically derive the p value.

In a famous mathematical problem known as the “Basel problem" because it were first especially Basel mathematician

who dealt with it, the question was whether or not the sum of the reciprocal squares do converge and against which value.

The great mathematician Leonhard Euler finally delivered with the solution with:

Through this conversion formula we obtain:

The circle number p consists of the sum of the reciprocal square numbers each in six space axes and this formula of Euler

describes very well the formation of p.

This result is obtained also with the spherical geometry. The space balls have a diameter of , and for the surface area of

the space balls we obtain without powers of ten:

and the volume of space balls is:

The product of volume and surface area of the space balls gives the limit value of the reciprocal square numbers derived

by Euler:

The three-dimensional space develops in this geometric approach as the product of volume and surface area. Several

superimposed areas geometrically result in a three-dimensional body. The contents of the space balls as a spherically

symmetric body, physically describes the global formula, and the geometrical structure is described by the circular

constant p. During the physical origin of the three-dimensional space balls the circle number p is formed too, but it is not

the number p which brings forth the three-dimensionality, but it is a product of a physical process. The space-time

quantum, which we discussed in the last Chapter, describes the physical process leading to the three-dimensionality of

space, and p describes the resulting geometric component.

The universe is electromagnetically structured and all physical phenomena are caused by the interactions of the charge.

The quantized charge therefore contains the energy and the circle number p in the following form:

The physical constants of nature are the result of the fundamental, physical relations, and the circle number p occurs as a

result of three-dimensionality. The circle number therefore is the result of a physical process, and not the cause, just like

the speed of light and the Planck quantum of action are not the cause of the global formula, but their product.

Since antiquity, it is philosophized about the order and harmony in nature. Whether or not this order is based on

mathematical principles, all things consist of numbers or emerge, have also always been subject to philosophical debates.

At the global Formula and the circular constant p it can be seen that the numbers are not the cause but merely the result of

physical processes. With mathematical formalism it is tried to represent reality but therefore, reality actually must exist

initially. I.e. without real existing balls there is no p, and without real existing bodies, there are no numbers to count the

bodies.