sample excerpts

Note: Mathematical formulae are not represented in this page bacause they cannot be displayed correct.

When defining the time as the period between two events, then the time, or more specifically, a certain timing cycle, is the

actual cause of the events. Without time, physical processes cannot take place, because there would be no "pulse", which

could be addressed by the events. The events in the smallest dimensions do namely not take place itself, while time is

running alongside, but it is the quantized timing cycle which causes the events with its cycle sequence.

All physical processes depend on a universal timing cycle, whose sum we measure as an ordinary time, describe it as a

Time Arrow and on which also the Cause-effect principle is based.

Each dynamic element which provides movement in the space, and thus causes events, therefore also contains a universal

timing cycle. Also any kind of force and momentum transfer contains this timing cycle and we've already seen it in the

derivation of the acceleration of gravity, the gravitational constant, and finally in the speed of light.

The time occurs in the smallest dimension and develops into the higher dimensions through the summation. Our seconds

on a macroscopic scale, is the sum of the quantized timing cycles in the Planck dimension. In the Planck sphere there's

plenty of time for the quantum events.

The measured time is therefore dependent on the size scale, and this principle can also be transferred to the macrocosm.

While on earth millions of years pass according to our time measurement, for an observer in the quantity of several million

light-years only some seconds would pass according to his clock.

If an even larger observer would consider the entire universe in the size of a marble, then a ray of light needs several

billion years on the way to us in our time measuring, for the great observer only last some fractions of a second according

to his time measurement.

As we have seen in the derivation of the speed of light, the motion of the light in space depends on a certain time cycle.

The first term in the equation for the speed of light also contains a time factor as an impulse generator:

(4-2)

This term for the time cycle can also be written as follows:

(4-3)

By rearranging we get:

(4-4)

The interaction of the space balls in the three-dimensional space (left side of the equation 4-4) is equal to the quantized

timing cycle by a factor of 1.11.

With further transformations we get:

(4-5)

(4-6)

From this equation, we again obtain without root terms the original equation (4-2) for the universal timing cycle with ,

which is also contained in the speed of light.

The energy in the space balls in the form of balls attractive force with the value of consists of three-dimensionality of the

space with and the universal time-space Quantum with 1.11, which finally brings into fore the quantized timing cycle with

1.00100100100….

The origin of time is thus associated with the emergence of the three-dimensionality of space, which we will now discuss in

the next section.